Full-length articles

Search by year to view full-length articles by VCU Department of Orthodontics faculty and residents.


Best AD, Shroff B, Carrico CK, Lindauer SJ: Comparison of Treatment Management between Orthodontists and General Practitioners Performing Clear Aligner Therapy. Angle Orthod, In Press. 

Iglesias-Linares A, Sonnenberg B, Solano B, Yanez-Vico R, Solano E, Lindauer SJ, Flores-Mir C: Orthodontically Induced External Apical Root Resorption in Patients Treated with Fixed Appliances vs. Removable Aligners. Angle Orthod, In Press. 

Koerich L, Weissheimer A, de Menezes LM, Lindauer SJ: Rapid 3D Mandibular Superimposition for Growing Patients. Angle Orthod, In Press. 

Noll D, Mahon B, Shroff B, Carrico CK, Lindauer SJ: Twitter Analysis of the Orthodontic Patient Experience with Braces versus Invisalign. Angle Orthod, In Press. 

Tufekci E, Allen SB, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Current Trends in Headgear Use for the Treatment of Class II Malocclusions. Angle Orthod, 86: 584-589. 

Leland A, Akyalcin S, English JD, Tufekci E, Paravina R: Evaluation of Staining and Color Changes of a Resin Infiltration System. Angle Orthod, 86: 900-904. 

Hallgren K, Akyalcin S, English J, Tufekci E, Paravina R: Color Properties of Demineralized Enamel Surfaces Treated with a Resin Infiltration System. J Esthet Restor Dent, 28: 339-346. 

Ujaoney S, Shroff B, Carrico C, Lindauer SJ: Current Preferences in Accelerated Orthodontic Tooth Movement Techniques in Orthodontics. Virginia Dent J, 93(4): 12-15. 


Barcoma E, Shroff B, Best AM, Shoff MC, Lindauer SJ: Interproximal Reduction of Teeth: Differences in Perspective between Orthodontists and Dentists. Angle Orthod, 85: 820-825. 

Nelson KL, Shroff B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Orthodontic Marketing through Social Media Networks: The Patient and Practitioner’s Perspective. Angle Orthod, 85: 1035-1041. 

Bibona K, Shroff B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Communication Practices and Preferences between Orthodontists and General Dentists. Angle Orthod, 85: 1042-1050. 

Schutte S, Shroff B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Comparison of Patients’ and Orthodontists’ Preferences for Pain Management during Orthodontic Treatment. Virginia Dent J, 92(3): 15-20. 


Tufekci E, Pennella DR, Mitchell JC, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Efficacy of a Fluoride Releasing Orthodontic Primer in Reducing Demineralization around Brackets: An In-Vivo Study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 146: 207-214. 

Niculescu JA, King JW, Lindauer SJ: Skeletal and Dental Effects of Tooth-Borne versus Hybrid Devices for Mandibular Symphyseal Distraction Osteogenesis. Angle Orthod, 84: 68-75. 

Eppright M, Shroff B, Best AM, Barcoma E, Lindauer SJ: Influence of Reminders on Oral Hygiene Compliance in Orthodontic Patients. Angle Orthod, 84: 208-213. 

Bibona K, Shroff B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Factors Affecting Orthodontists’ Management of the Retention Phase. Angle Orthod, 84: 225-230. 

Kelly GR, Shroff B, Best AM, Tufekci E, Lindauer SJ: Parents’ Preferences Regarding Appearance and Attire of Orthodontists. Angle Orthod, 84: 404-409. 

Cordasco G, Matarese G, Rustico L, Caprioglio A, Lindauer SJ, Nucera R: Efficacy of Orthopedic Treatment with Protraction Facemask on Skeletal Class III Malocclusion: A Meta-Analysis. Orthod Craniofac Res, 17: 133-143.


Manfred L, Covell DA, Crowe JJ, Tufekci E, Mitchell JC: A Novel Biomimetic Orthodontic Bonding Agent Helps Prevent White Spot Lesions Adjacent to Brackets. Angle Orthod, 83: 97-103.


Maxfield BJ, Hamdan AM, Tufekci E, Shrobb B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: The Development of White Spot Lesions during Orthodontic Treatment: Perceptions of Patients, Parents, Orthodontists and General Dentists. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 141: 337-344. 

Burke B, Hamdan AM, Tufekci E, Shroff B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ: Perceptions of Soft Tissue Laser Use in Orthodontics: A Survey of Orthodontists, Periodontists and General Dentists. Angle Orthod, 82: 75-83. 

Prettyman C, Best AM, Lindauer SJ, Tufekci E: Self-Ligating vs. Conventional Brackets as Perceived by Orthodontists. Angle Orthod, 82: 1060-1066. 

Cordasco G, Nucera R, Fastuca R, Matarese G, Lindauer SJ, Leone P, Manzo P, Martina R: Effects of Orthopedic Maxillary Expansion on Nasal Cavity Size in Growing Subjects: A Low Dose Computer Tomographic Clinical Trial. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol, 76:1547-1551. 

Hamdan AM, Maxfield BJ, Tufekci E, Shroff B, Lindauer SJ: Management of White Spot Lesions during and after Orthodontic Treatment: A Perspective of General Dentists and Orthodontists. J Am Dent Assoc, 143: 777-783. 

Marshall SD, Shroff B: Long Term Skeletal Changes with Rapid Palatal Maxillary Expansion: A Review of the Literature. Seminars in Orthod, 18; 128-133


Henson ST, Lindauer SJ, Gardner WG, Shroff B, Tufekci E, Best AM:  Influence of Dental Esthetics on Social Perceptions of Adolescents Judged by Peers.  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 140: 389-395.


Tufekci E, Dixon IV JS, Gunsolley JC, Lindauer SJ:  Prevalence of White Spot Lesions during Orthodontic Treatment with Fixed Appliances.  Angle Orthod, 81: 206-210.


Marshall SD, Currier GF, Hatch NE, Huang GJ, Nah H, Owens SE, Shroff B, Southard TE, Suri L, Turpin DL:  Self-Ligating Bracket Claims.  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 138: 128-131.


Mollov ND, Lindauer SJ, Best AM, Shroff B, Tufekci E:  Patient Attitudes toward Orthodontic Retention and Perceptions of Treatment Success.  Angle Orthod, 80: 656-661.

Baturina O, Tufekci E, Guney-Altay O, Khan S, Wnek GE, Lindauer SJ:  Development of a Sustained Fluoride Delivering System.  Angle Orthod, 80: 1129-1135.

Holmes PB, Shroff B, Best AM, Lindauer SJ:  Influence of Gender on Office Staff Management in Orthodontics.  Angle Orthod, 80: 1150-1154.



Suri L, Huang G, English JD, Owen S, Nah HD, Riolo ML, Shroff B, Southard TE, Turpin DL:  Ask Us: Topical Fluoride Treatment.  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 135: 561-563.

Lindauer SJ, Powell JA, Leypoldt BC, Tufekci E, Shroff B:  Influence of Patient Financial Account Status on Orthodontic Appointment Attendance.  Angle Orthod, 79: 755-758.

Cevidanes L, Oliveira AE, Motta A, Phillips C, Burke B, Tyndall D:  Head Orientation in CBCT-Generated Cephalograms.  Angle Orthod, 79: 971-977.

Tufekci E, Svensk D, Kallunki J, Huggare J, Lindauer SJ, Laskin DM:  Opinions of American and Swedish Orthodontists about the Role of Erupting Third Molars as a Cause of Dental Crowding.  Angle Orthod, 79: 1139-1142.

Oliveira AE, Cevidanes LH, Phillips C, Motta A, Burke B, Tyndall D:  Observer Reliability of Three-Dimensional Cephalometric Landmark Identification on Cone-Beam Computerized Tomography.  Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, 107: 256-265.


Lill D.J., Lindauer S.J., Tufekci E., Shroff B.: Importance of Pumice Prophylaxis for Bonding with Self-Etch Primer. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 133: 423-426.

Tufekci E., Casagrande Z.A., Lindauer S.J., Fowler C.E., Williams K.T.: Effectiveness of an Essential Oil Mouthrinse in Improving Oral Health in Orthodontic Patients. Angle Orthod, 78: 294-298.

Edwards D.T., Shroff B., Lindauer S.J., Fowler C.E., Tufekci E.: Media Advertising Effects on Consumer Perception of Orthodontic Treatment Quality. Angle Orthod, 78: 771-777.

Tufekci E., Jahangiri A., Lindauer S.J.: A Comparison of Perception of Profile Among Laypersons, Dental Students, and Orthodontic Patients. Angle Orthod, 78:983-987.


Tufekci E., Almy D.M., Carter J.M., Moon P.C., Lindauer S.J.: Bonding Properties of Newly Erupted and Mature Human Premolars. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 131: 753-758.


Coleman G.G., Lindauer S.J., Tufekci E., Shroff B., Best A.M.: Influence of Chin Prominence on Esthetic Lip Profile Preferences. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 132: 36-42.

Lindauer S.J., Laskin D.M., Tufekci E., Taylor R.S., Cushing B.J., Best A.M.: Orthodontists’ and Surgeons’ Opinions on the Role of Third Molars as a Cause of Dental Crowding. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 132: 43-48.


Horsley B.P., Lindauer S.J., Shroff B., Tufekci E., Abubaker A.O., Fowler C.E., Maxfield B.J.: Appointment Keeping Behavior of Medicaid vs. Non-Medicaid Orthodontic Patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 132: 49-53.

Hall N.E., Lindauer S.J., Tufekci E., Shroff B.: Predictors of Variation in Mandibular Incisor Enamel Thickness. J Am Dent Assoc, 138: 809-815.


Squire D.L., Best A.M., Lindauer S.J., Laskin D.M.: Determining the Limits of Orthodontic Treatment of Overbite, Overjet, and Transverse Discrepancy: A Pilot Study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 129: 804-808.

Payne M.D., Lindauer S.J., Shroff B., Tufekci E., Best A.M.: Factors Influencing Applicant Ranking of Orthodontic Programs. Angle Orthod, 76: 84-91.

Gladwell J., Simmons D., Wright J.T.: Remineralization Potential of a Fluoridated Carbamide Peroxide Whitening Gel. J Esthet Restor Dent, 18: 206-213.


Lindauer S.J., Lewis S.M., Shroff B.: Overbite Correction and Smile Esthetics. Semin Orthod, 11: 62-66.


Tufekci E., Merrill TE, Pintado M.R., Beyer J.P., Brantley W.A.: Enamel Loss Associated with Orthodontic Adhesive Removal on Teeth with White Spot Lesions. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 125: 733-739.


Lindauer S.J., Peck S.L., Tufekci E., Coffey T., Best A.M.: The Crisis in Orthodontic Education: Goals and Perceptions. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 124: 480-487.


Tufekci E., Mitchell J.C., Olesik J.W., Brantley W.A., Papazoglou E., Monaghan P: Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectroscopy Measurements of Elemental Release from 2 High-Palladium Dental Casting Alloys into a Corrosion Testing Medium. J Prosthet Dent., 87(1): 80-85.


Isaacson R.J., Strauss RA, Bridges-Poquis A., Peluso A.R., Lindauer S.J.: Moving an Ankylosed Central Incisor Using Orthodontics, Surgery, and Osteogenic Distraction. Angle Orthod, 71: 411-418.

Lindauer S.J.: The Basics of Orthodontic Biomechanics. Semin Orthod, 7: 2-15.

Shroff B., Lindauer S.J.: Leveling and Alignment: Challenges and Solutions. Semin Orthod, 7: 16-25.

Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J.: Closing Anterior Open Bites: The Extrusion Arch. Semin Orthod, 7: 34-41.

Shroff B.: Segmented Approach to Root Correction During Orthodontic Therapy. Semin Orthod, 7(1): 50-58.

Lindauer S.J., Isaacson R.J., Britto A.D.: Three-Dimensional Force Systems from Activated Orthodontic Appliances. Semin Orthod, 7: 207-214.


Lindauer S.J., Britto A.D.: Biological Response to Biomechanical Signals: Orthodontic Mechanics to Control Tooth Movement. Semin Orthod, 6: 145-154.

Shroff B., Siegel S.M.: Molecular Basis for Tooth Eruption and its Clinical Implications in Orthodontic Tooth Movement. Semin Orthod, 6(3): 155-172.


Rebellato J., Lindauer S.J., Sheats R.D., Isaacson R.J.: Condylar positional changes after mandibular advancement surgery with rigid internal fixation. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop, 116(1): 93-100.

Everett E.T., Britto A.D., Ward R.E., Hartsfield J.K.: A Novel FGF.R.2 Gene Mutation in Crouzon Syndrome Associated with Apparent Non-penetrance. Cleft Palate Craniofac J, 36(6): 533-541.

Tufekci E., Brantley W.A., Foreman D.W., Georgette F.S.: Crystallographic Characteristics of Plasma-Sprayed Calcium Phosphate Coatings on Ti-6A1-4V. Int J Oral & Maxillofac Imp, 14: 661-672.


Sheats R.D., McGorray S.P., Keeling S.D., Wheeler TT: Occlusal Traits and Perception of Orthodontic Need in Eighth Grade Students. Angle Orthod, 68: 107-114.

Lindauer S.J., Shoff R.C.: Comparison of Essix and Hawley Retainers. J Clin Orthod, 32: 95-97.

Lindauer S.J., Thresher A.A., Baird B.W., Sheats R.D., Rebellato J: Orthodontic Treatment Priority: A Comparison of Two Indices. J Clin Pediatr Dent, 22: 125-131.

Lindauer S.J.: Asymmetries: Diagnosis and Treatment. Semin Orthod, 4: 133.

Sheats R.D., McGorray S.P., Musmar Q, Wheeler TT, King GJ: Prevalence of Orthodontic Asymmetries. Semin Orthod, 4: 138-145.

Beyer J.W., Lindauer S.J.: Evaluation of Dental Midline Position. Semin Orthod, 4: 146-152.

Shroff B., Siegel S.M.: Orthodontic Correction of Dental Asymmetries. Semin Orthod, 4(3): 165-180.


Davidovitch M., McInnis D, Lindauer S.J.: The Effects of Lip Bumper Therapy in the Mixed Dentition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 111: 52-58.

Lindauer S.J., Browning H, Shroff B., Marshall F., Anderson H.B., Moon P.C.: Effect of Pumice Prophylaxis on the Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 111: 599-605.

Prillaman W.N., Macon C.R., Visser B.E., Isaacson R.J.: Case Report: Treatment of a Class II Malocclusion with Impacted Maxillary Central Incisors. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 112: 367-371.

Rebellato J, Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K., Isaacson R.J., Davidovitch M.., Vroom K.: Lower Arch Perimeter Preservation Using the Lingual Arch. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 112: 449-456.

Shroff B., Yoon W.M., Lindauer, Burstone C.J.: Simultaneous Intrusion and Retraction Using a Three Piece Base Arch. Angle Orthod, 67: 455-462.

Shroff B., Lindauer S.J., Burstone C.J.: Class II Subdivision Treatment with Tipback Moments. Eur J Orthod, 19: 93-101.

Strauss R.A., Weis B.D., Lindauer S.J., Rebellato J., Isaacson R.J.: Variability of Facial Photographs for Use in Treatment Planning and Orthognathic Surgery. Int J Adult Orthod Orthognath Surg, 12: 197-203.

Tufekci E., Brantley W.A., Mitchell J.C., McGlumphy E.A.: Microstructures of Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite-Coated Ti-6A1-4V Dental Implants. Int J Oral & Maxillofac Imp, 12: 25-31.


Isaacson R.J.: Superimposition and Structural Analysis. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 109: 193-195.

Shroff B., Kashner J.E., Keyser J.D., Hebert C., Norris K.: Epidermal Growth Factor and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression in the Dental Follicle During Tooth Eruption. Arch Oral Biol, 41(6): 613-617.

Shroff B., Siegel S.M.: Combined Orthodontic and Prosthetic Therapy: Special Considerations. Dent Clin of North America, Adult Orthod, 40(4): 911-943.

Greer KS, Lindauer S.J., Darling S.G., Browning H., Moon P.C.: An Altered Bonding Technique to Prevent Etched Enamel Surface Contamination. J Clin Orthod, 30: 145-146.

Sheats R.D.: Critical Appraisal of the Literature. Orthodontic Review, 10: 24-30.


Shroff B., Lindauer S.J., Burstone C.J., Leiss J.B.: Segmented Approach to Simultaneous Intrusion and Space Closure: Biomechanics of the Three-Piece Base Arch Appliance. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 107: 136-143.

Lindauer S.J., Sabol G., Isaacson R.J., Davidovitch M..: Condylar Movement and Mandibular Rotation During Jaw Opening. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 107: 573-577.

Shroff B., Norris K., Pileggi R.: Proteases Activity in the Dental Follicle During Tooth Eruption. Arch Oral Biol, 40(4): 331-335.

Brantley W.A., Tufekci E., Mitchell J.C., Foreman D.W., McGlumphy E.A.: SEM Studies of Ceramic Layers at Interfacial Regions for Calcium Phosphate-Coated Titanium Dental Implants. Cells and Mater, 5: 73-82.

Sheats R.D., Gilbert G.H., Wheeler T.T., King G.J.: Pilot Study Comparing Parents’ and Third-Grade Schoolchildren’s Attitudes Toward Braces and Perceived Need for Braces. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 23: 36-43.

Davidovitch M.., Rubenstein L.K., Pham G., Isaacson R.J.: The Need for Regional Manpower Reports: Commonwealth of Virginia. J Clin Orthod, 29: 487-491.

Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Davidovitch M..: The Ground Rules for Archwire Design. Semin Orthod, 1: 3-11.

Lindauer S.J., Isaacson R.J.: One-Couple Orthodontic Appliance Systems. Semin Orthod, 1: 12-24.

Davidovitch M., Rebellato J: Two-Couple Orthodontic Appliance Systems: Utility arches: A Two-Couple Intrusion Arch. Semin Orthod, 1: 25-30.

Isaacson R.J., Rebellato J.: Two-Couple Orthodontic Appliance Systems: Torquing Arches. Semin Orthod, 1: 31-36.

Rebellato J: Two-Couple Orthodontic Appliance Systems: Activations in the Transverse Dimension. Semin Orthod, 1: 37-43.

Rebellato J: Two-Couple Orthodontic Appliance Systems: Transpalatal Arches. Semin Orthod, 1: 44-54.

Isaacson R.J.: Creative Archwires and Clinical Conclusions. Semin Orthod, 1: 55-56.

Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Conley P, Davidovitch M.., Krause W.K.: Responses of 3-D Archwires to Vertical V Bends: Comparisons with Existing 2-D Data in the Lateral View. Semin Orthod, 1: 57-63.


Lindauer S.J., Macon CR, Browning H., Rubenstein L.K., Isaacson R.J.: Ceramic Bracket Fracture Resistance to Second-Order Archwire Activations. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 106: 481-486.

Skinazi G.L.S., Lindauer S.J., Isaacson R.J.: Chin, Nose and Lips: Normal Ratios in Young Female and Male Adults. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 106: 518-523.

Hultgren B.W., Isaacson R.J., French PA: Does Practice Make Perfect....or Permanent? Angle Orthod, 64: 231-236.

Shroff B., Pileggi R., Norris K., Wilson T., Sauk J.J.: Dynamic Variations in the Expression of Type I Collagen and its Molecular Chaperone Hsp47 in Cells of the Dental Follicle During Tooth Eruption. Arch Oral Biol, 39(3): 231-243.


Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K.: Moments with the Edgewise Appliance: Incisor Torque Control. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 103: 428-438.

Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K.: Activating a 2x4 Appliance. Angle Orthod, 63: 17-24.

Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K.: Case Report: Four Permanent Second Molar Extractions. Angle Orthod, 63: 87-90.

Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Davidovitch M.: On Tooth Movement. Angle Orthod, 63: 305-309.

Shroff B., Smith T., Norris K., Pileggi R., Sauk J.J.: Hsp47 is Localized to Regions of Type I Collagen Production in Developing Murine Femurs and Molars. Conn Tis Res, 29: 273-286.

Rubler C , Shroff B.: Adjunctive Orthodontic Therapy to Restorative Dentistry. Dent Clin of North America, 37(3): 465- 481.

Rubenstein L.K., Byrne B.E.: Supraosseous Extracanal Invasive Resorption. Gen Dent, 41: 430-433.

Rubenstein L.K., Strauss RA, Lindauer S.J., Davidovitch M.., Isaacson R.J.: Tantalum Implants as Markers for Evaluating Postoperative Orthognathic Surgical Changes. Int J Adult Orthod Orthognath Surg, 8: 203-209.

Davidovitch M.., Gersteinfeld L.C.: Differential Effects of PTH on Chicken Osteoblasts Prepared from Different Embryological Developmental Stages. J Bone Min Res, 7: S219.

Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K., Wilkins C, Davidovitch M..: Telephone Reminders: Effect on Appointment Failure Rate. J Clin Orthod, 27: 427-431.

Lindauer S.J., Gay T, Rendell J: Effect of Jaw Opening on Masticatory Muscle EMG-Force Characteristics. J Dent Res, 72: 51-55.

Strauss RA, Rubenstein L.K.: A Technique for Accurate Long-Term Follow-up of Segment Positional Changes Following Sagittal Split Osteotomies. J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 51: 815-816.


Germane N, Staggers JA, Rubenstein L.K., Revere J.T.: Arch Length Considerations Due to the Curve of Spee: A Mathematical Model. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 102: 251-255.

Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K., Hang W.M., Andersen W.C., Isaacson R.J.: Canine Impaction Identified Early with Panoramic Radiographs. J Am Dent Assoc, 123: 91-97.

Shroff B., Thomas H.F.: Investigation of the Role of Von Korff Fibers During Murine Dentinogenesis. J Biol Buccale, 20: 139-144.

Somerman MJ, Shroff B., Foster RA, Butler WT, Sauk J.J.: Mineral-Associated Adhesion Proteins are Linked to Root Formation. Proc Finn Dent Soc, 88: Suppl.


Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J., Strauss RA: Computers and Cephalometrics. Alpha Omegan, 84: 37-40.

Merz M.L., Isaacson R.J., Germane N, Rubenstein L.K.: Tooth Diameters and Arch Perimeters in a Black and a Caucasian Population. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 100: 53-58.

Germane N, Lindauer S.J., Rubenstein L.K., Revere J.H. Jr., Isaacson R.J.: Increase in Arch Perimeter Due to Orthodontic Expansion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 100: 421-427.

Rubenstein L.K., Strauss R.A., Isaacson R.J., Lindauer S.J.: Quantitation of Rotational Movements Associated with Surgical Mandibular Advancement. Angle Orthod, 61: 167-173.

Lindauer S.J., Gay T., Rendell J.: Electromyographic-Force Characteristics in the Assessment of Oral Function. J Dent Res, 70: 1417-1421.

Sheats R.D., Rubenstein L.K., Strauss R.A.: Effect of a Resorbable Bone Graft Material on Orthodontic Tooth Movement Through Surgical Defects in the Cat Mandible. J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 49: 1299-1303.

Rubenstein L.K., Lindauer S.J., Germane N, Isaacson R.J.: Late Development of Supernumerary Premolars in an Orthodontic Population. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path, 71: 392-395.


Lagerstrom LO, Nielson IL, Lee R, Isaacson R.J.: Dental and Skeletal Contributions to Occlusal Corrections in Patients Treated with the High Pull Headgear-Activator Combination. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 97: 495-504.

Popli KK, Pratten D.H., Germane N: Frictional Resistance of Ceramic and Stainless Steel Orthodontic Brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop, 98: 398-403.

Ross VA, Isaacson R.J., Germane N., Rubenstein L.K.: Influence of Vertical Growth Pattern on Faciolingual Inclinations and Treatment Mechanics. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop, 98: 422-429.

Germane N., Bentley B.E., Isaacson R.J., Revere J.H.: The Morphology of Canines in Relation to Preadjusted Appliances. Angle Orthod, 60: 49-54.

Isaacson R.J., Strauss RA: Biotechnical and Other Factors Affecting Orthognathic Surgery. Int J of Tech Assessment in Health Care, 6: 516-527.

Somerman MJ, Shroff B., Argraves W.S., Morrison G., Craig A.M., Denhardt D.T., Foster RA, Sauk J.J.: Expression of Attachment Proteins During Cementogenesis. J Biol Buccale, 18: 207-214.

Wendell P, Rubenstein L.K., Germane, N.: A Simple Technique for Cinching Archwires. J Clin Orthod, 24: 614.

Pratten D.H., Covey D.A., Sheats R.D.: Effect of Disinfectant Solutions on the Wettability of Elastomeric Impression Materials. J Prosthet Dent, 63: 223-227.